If you have done your research, you should know by now that the first life form in mother earth was Amoebas. These living beings consist of only a single living cell which does every complicated task for living. As they have a quite different build structure, they would naturally have a different way of reproduction. Binary Fission is the process of asexual reproduction; it’s more like a cell division but a lot different and difficult. Through the process of binary fission, a living eukaryotic cell like Amoeba divides into two and that’s how species’ like these continue to exist on earth. Quite fascinating!
How Binary Fission Happens
So when a parent is fully grown, Amoeba in our case, they begin to replicate their internal genetic components when it is time for reproduction. The Amoeba literally splits into two and both of them become fully functional and healthy Amoebas. The genetic material is equally split inside their ‘housing’, or whatever words you choose to put it in. The resulting cell is an exact replica of the prokaryotes and eukaryotes. However, things may turn different if there’s an ongoing mutation but otherwise it’s the same process all along.
What happens, precisely?
To put in the barest minimum of words, the DNA molecules residing inside an Amoeba would divide into two. The DNA molecules start moving towards the opposite side of the bacterium and the membrane starts to form a separation in the barrier. First the nucleus, then cytoplasm – that’s the order of division during Binary Fission process. Once the cells are fully separated, they are ready and fit to live on their own and once these eukaryotes reach the time, they can start ‘replicating’ themselves too. Same binary fission happens all over again.
Binary fission is different than the regular sexual reproduction you know of. But it’s indeed a lot interesting!